Sunday, January 27, 2008

Some Articles of Tawhid (The Creed of one God).

From Surat 10, Yunus or Jonah:10:104 Say (O Muhammad): O mankind! If ye are in doubt of my religion, then (know that) I worship not those whom ye worship instead of Allah, but I worship Allah who causeth you to die, and I have been commanded to be of the believers. -قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِن كُنتُمْ فِي شَكٍّ مِّن دِينِي فَلاَ أَعْبُدُ الَّذِينَ تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللّهِ وَلَـكِنْ أَعْبُدُ اللّهَ الَّذِي يَتَوَفَّاكُمْ وَأُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (

10:105 And, (O Muhammad) set thy purpose resolutely for religion, as a man by nature upright, and be not of those who ascribe partners (to Allah). -وَأَنْ أَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًا وَلاَ تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ (10:105)10:106 And cry not, beside Allah, unto that which cannot profit thee nor hurt thee, for if thou didst so then wert thou of the wrong-doers. -وَلاَ تَدْعُ مِن دُونِ اللّهِ مَا لاَ يَنفَعُكَ وَلاَ يَضُرُّكَ فَإِن فَعَلْتَ فَإِنَّكَ إِذًا مِّنَ الظَّالِمِينَ (10:106)10:107 If Allah aflicteth thee with some hurt, there is none who can remove it save Him; and if He desireth good for thee, there is none who can repel His bounty. He striketh with it whom He will of His bondmen. He is the Forgiving, the Merciful. -وَإِن يَمْسَسْكَ اللّهُ بِضُرٍّ فَلاَ كَاشِفَ لَهُ إِلاَّ هُوَ وَإِن يُرِدْكَ بِخَيْرٍ فَلاَ رَآدَّ لِفَضْلِهِ يُصَيبُ بِهِ مَن يَشَاء مِنْ عِبَادِهِ وَهُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ (10:107)10:108 Say: O mankind! Now hath the Truth from your Lord come unto you. So whosoever is guided, is guided only for (the food of) his soul, and whosoever erreth erreth only against it. And I am not a warder over you. -قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءكُمُ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ فَمَنِ اهْتَدَى فَإِنَّمَا يَهْتَدِي لِنَفْسِهِ وَمَن ضَلَّ فَإِنَّمَا يَضِلُّ عَلَيْهَا وَمَا أَنَاْ عَلَيْكُم بِوَكِيلٍ (10:108)10:109 And (O Muhammad) follow that which is inspired in thee, and forbear until Allah give judgment. And He is the Best of Judges. -وَاتَّبِعْ مَا يُوحَى إِلَيْكَ وَاصْبِرْ حَتَّىَ يَحْكُمَ اللّهُ وَهُوَ خَيْرُ الْحَاكِمِينَ (10:109)Blogger Comment:Verse 10:104: If your are in doubt of my religion, I have no doubt that I do not worship the Gods that you worship and I worship God (Allah) who cause you to die (the certain fact that no doubt about it). Say I commanded to be a believer.Verse 10:105: As a believer you are to be upright in your religion (your life and death to God) and do not ascribe partners to God.Verse 10:106: stresses in Tawhid again that you do not call or cry out to someone else but God.Verse 10:107: Another article of Tawhid is to believe that The hurt you get or the good you get is allowed by God. No one remove the hurt or repel the good but through God's will.Verse 10:108: another article of Tawhid is man responsible for his faith he is the one who seeks guidance or misguidance hence he is responsible for himself. Prophets like Muhammad have only the responsibility to conduct the message of God.Verse: 10:109: stress to messenger to conduct the message and forbear. It is God who would decide what will happen next.Thus the articles of Tawhid in these verses are:1- To worship God.2- To worship no other Gods.3- To worship with no partners with God (idols, humans, oneself...)4- To worship upright in faith (your life, actions and death all to God).5- When you are in stress to call God or through God. Even if you ask other people help like calling your doctor or 911, you believe that it is God will and help that will get you out of stress.6- To believe that what good or hurt you will get is allowed only by God. As prophet Muhammad (PBUH) hadith " If all the world unite to harm you with something, they will not be able to do so unless God destined this to happen and if the world unite to benefit you with something they will not be able to do so unless God destined this to happen.7- Man is responsible for his Tawhid he has the free will.8- As Muslims we should be like the prophet (our guidance) call people for Tawhid and be patient with them.Fakhrud-Din Ibn ^Asakir, a prominent scholar on Ashariyy Creed, in his book Brilliance of the Minarets wrote the following on Sunni creed :Know, may Allah guide us and you, that it is obligatory upon every accountable person to know that Allah is the only God in His Dominion.He created the entire world, the upper and lower, the ^Arsh and Kursiyy, the heavens and earth, and what is in them and in between them. Surat al-Furqan, 2:All the creation is subjugated by His Power. No speck moves except by His will. He has no manager for the creation with Him, and has no partner in Dominion. Surat at-Tawbah, 129: Surat al-An^am, 110: Surat Az-Zumar, 62:He is attributed with Life and is Qayyum. He is not seized by somnolence or sleep. Surat al-Baqarah, 255He is the One Who knows about the unforeseen and what is evidenced by His creation. Nothing on earth or in heaven is hidden from Him. He knows what is on land and in sea.Not a leaf does fall but He knows about it. There is no grain in the darkness of earth, nor anything which is moist or dry but is inscribed in a clear Book. His Knowledge encompasses everything. He knows the count of all things. Surat al-Jinn, 28He does whatever He wills. He has the power to do whatever He wills. Surat Qaf, 29; Surat at-Takwir, 29:To Him is the Dominion and He needs none; To Him belong the Glory and Everlastingness. To Him are the Ruling and al-Qada' (the Creating). He has the Names of Perfection. No one hinders what He decreed. No one prevents what He gives. He does in His dominion whatever He wills.He rules His creation with whatever He wills. Surat al-Ma'idah, 120: Adh-Dhariyat, 58: Surat Fussilat, 12: Surat 'Al ^Imran, 4; Surat al-'Isra', 23: adh-Dhariyat, 56: Surat Yunus, 99: Surat al-Qasas, 68:He does not hope for reward and does not fear punishment. Surat adh-Dhariyat, 57:There is no right on Him that is binding, and no one exercises rule over Him. Every endowment from Him is due to His Generosity and every punishment from Him is just. He is not questioned about what He does, but they are questioned. Surat an-Nur, 21: Al-Anbiya', 23; Surat al-'Anbiya', 23:He existed before the creation. He does not have a before or an after. He does not have an above or a below, a right or a left, an in front of or a behind, a whole or a part. Surat ash-Shura, 11:It must not be said: When was He? Or where was He? Or how is He? He existed without a place.He created the universe and willed for the existence of time. He is not bound to time and is not designated with place.His management of one matter does not distract Him from another. Delusions do not apply to Him, and He is not encompassed by the mind. He is not conceivable in the mind. He is not imagined in the self nor pictured in delusions. He is not grasped with delusions or thoughts. Surat Yasin, 82; Surat ash-Shura, 11: 112:4